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Title: In Vitro Study of Litsea oppositifolia Stem Extract on the Keratinocyte HaCaT Cell Line through Oxidative Stress Related Gene Expression
Authors: Hana, Crisshella
Keywords: antioxidant
gene expression
Litsea oppositifolia stem extract
Issue Date: 12-Jun-2023
Publisher: Indonesia International Institute for Life Sciences
Series/Report no.: BM 23-024;T202306135
Abstract: Litsea oppositifolia is one of the species found in Indonesia and its pharmacological effects have not been well studied. Therefore, the antioxidant activity of L. oppositifolia stem extract was evaluated in human keratinocytes (HacaT cells) under H2O2-induced oxidative stress through related gene expression. The ethanol stem extract of L. oppositifolia was screened initially for its antioxidant capacity through the DPPH assay. The result showed that the IC50 of the DPPH value was 48.66 ppm ± 3.97 ppm, indicating a powerful antioxidant activity of the plant extract. An MTS assay was then performed to evaluate cytotoxic effects and cytoprotective abilities of the plant extract and ascorbic acid used as a standard. The outcome results showed that L. oppositifolia stem extract possessed lower toxicity compared to ascorbic acid. Pretreatment with L. oppositifolia stem extract was also found to protect HaCaT cells from H2O2-triggered injury. Due to its valuable antioxidant activity, L. oppositifolia stem extract may have the potential to enhance enzymatic antioxidant activities (e.g., SOD-2 and GPX1) in HaCaT cells. However, L. oppositifolia stem extract was unable to upregulate SOD-2 and GPX-1 expression. These results suggested that the protective effect of oxidative stress is primarily from its radical scavenging activity and not due to its activity at the molecular level that affects the upregulation of intrinsic antioxidants or radical scavenging-related genes.
Appears in Collections:Biomedicine

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