Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Investigating the Role of LRG1 in Obesity and Adipose Tissue Remodelling
Authors: Rosellinny, Graciella
Keywords: Obesity
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2020
Publisher: Indonesia International Institute for Life Sciences
Series/Report no.: BM 20-009;T202010029
Abstract: Obesity has progressively worsened for the past 50 years, doubling the prevalence in 1980, and estimated that 20% of the world’s adult population would be obese by 2030. It is a complex, multifactorial disease of excessive fat accumulation and maladaptive adipose tissue remodelling leading to systemic metabolic decline. The hallmarks of pathological adipose tissue include blood vessel insufficiency, excessive immune cells infiltration, elevated extracellular matrix production, dysfunctional adipocytes, and chronic adipose inflammation. Conventional management strategies focusing on lifestyle interventions, physical exercise, and pharmacological management are mostly ineffective due to undesirable side effects and limited long-term efficacies. Leucine-rich alpha-2- glycoprotein 1 (LRG1) is a recently identified regulator of aberrant angiogenesis, tissue fibrosis and inflammation. Given that these pathological processes are dominant contributors to dysfunctional adipose tissue, we hypothesise that LRG1 may exert essential roles in regulating adipose tissue remodelling and systemic metabolic health. Metabolic phenotyping of Lrg1-null mice subjected to diet-induced obesity revealed enhanced systemic metabolic decline, including increased adiposity, increased fasting triglyceride and glycated haemoglobin A1c levels, and larger adipocyte hypertrophy and vessel density. Moreover, angiogenesis, inflammatory, and thermogenesis mRNA expressions decreased, while hypoxia and fibrosis mRNA expressions increased on LRG1-deficient mice groups. Paradoxically, while Lrg1 transcript level was positively associated with obesity, LRG1-deficiency demonstrated significant systemic metabolic decline. These results altogether indicated a potential context-dependent role of LRG1 in metabolic homeostasis and adipose tissue remodelling.
Appears in Collections:Biomedicine

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
Full text3.29 MBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy
Cover.pdfCover102.97 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Abstract.pdfAbstract88.42 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Chapter 1.pdfChapter 1997.79 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
References.pdfReferences163.41 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.